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INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS RESEARCH in the Caribbean has usually taken the form of policy-oriented analyses, a trend which continued in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Attempts to develop conceptual frameworks have come primarily from US-based and some Latin American authors, whereas Caribbean and European-based writers tend to offer descriptive and empirical detail, along with prescriptive suggestions. In the post-Cold War period, the issues given most emphasis are those centered on human security, political economy, and drug trafficking. Absent the Cold War, few military security issues rank high on the Caribbean agenda, even with the advent of heightened concern about global terrorism. The exception is Haiti, where internal crises continue to generate international involvement. After the 1994 intervention, there was a proliferation of studies of the intervention itself and the events leading up to it. However, the studies offered for review in the late 1990s and early 2000s represent instead interesting and sometimes idiosyncratic perspectives on Haiti's history and politics, as well as the invasion itself. In this respect, a rare nonpartisan analysis from the Haitian perspective of the UN/OAS mission in Haiti is insightful (see item #bi2003001509#), as is the personal story of a US soldier sent to Haiti in 1994 (item #bi2003001313#).
Other than Haiti, an analysis of the role of identity in fostering regionalism in the Caribbean Basin is noteworthy for the rare discussion of theory (item #bi 99010099#), and several edited volumes on Caribbean issues and on Europe are empirically or prescriptively useful. As in the past, the call for the development and application of international relations theory must be repeated.