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FIVE YEARS HAVE NOW PASSED since the last review of publications for this region. It is notable that both the islands themselves and the intermediate area of Central America continue on parallel courses, and much of the research involves initial reconnaissance and defining culture histories. With the exception of lithic tools from Belize (item bi 2002003481), there is little overlap to their culture histories. Both also continue to be peripheral to the main streams of American archeology, although they have important evidence for the development of chiefdom-level societies, long-distance exchange, and the use of marine resources.
One of the most remarkable things about the past five years is the number of dissertations written on circum-Caribbean topics. This infusion of new talent has led to the investigation of new research topics. In addition, a great deal of research has been conducted in areas that previously were neglected, especially the northern Lesser Antilles. In many ways, this new research has challenged long-standing, conventional wisdom. The prehistory of the circum-Caribbean is today wide-open, and new perspectives promise to improve substantially our understanding of the indigenous peoples who inhabited the West Indies and Central America prior to European contact.
RECENT DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS
Antczak, Andrej. "Late prehistoric economy and society of the islands off the coast of Venezuela: a contextual interpretation of the non-ceramic evidence," London, 1999.
Bradford, Margaret Ann Cassidy. "Caribbean perspectives on settlement patterns: the Windward Island study," University of Iowa, 2001.
Carlson, Lisabeth A. "First contact: the Coralie Site, Grand Turk, Turks and Caicos Islands," University of Florida, 1999.
Crock, John G. "Interisland interaction and the development of chiefdoms in the Eastern Caribbean (Anguilla)," University of Pittsburgh, 2000.
Douglas, John. "Rural household wealth and production in the Late Classic (600–950 A.D.) Naco Valley, northwest Honduras," University of Pittsburgh, 1999.
Earnest, Howard E. "A reappraisal of the Ilopango volcanic eruption in central El Salvador," Harvard University, 1999.
Grouard, Sandrine. "Subsistance, systèmes techniques et gestion territoriale en milieu insulaire Antillais précolombien," Université de Paris X, Nanterre, 2001.
Holdren, Ann Cody. "Raiders and traders: Caraibe social and political networks at the time of European contact and colonization in the Eastern Caribbean," UCLA, 1998.
Jönsson Marquet, Sofia. "Les petroglyphs des Petites Antilles Méridionales: contextes physique et culturel," Université de Paris I, Pantheón, Sorbonne, 2001.
McGinnis, Shirley A.M. "Ideographic expression in the precolumbian Caribbean," University of Texas, 1997.
Murphy, A. Reginald. "The prehistory of Antigua, ceramic age: subsistence, settlement, culture and adaptation within an insular environment," University of Calgary, 1999.
Serrand, Nathalie. "Exploitation de invertébrés marins et terrestres par les populations Saladoïdes et Post-Saladoïdes du nord des Petites Antilles (~500 B.C.–1200 A.D.)," Université de Paris I, Panthéon, Sorbonne, 2002.
Stokes, Anne V. "A biogeographic survey of prehistoric human diet in the West Indies using stable isotopes," University of Florida, 1998.
Stemp, William J. "An analysis of stone tool use in the Maya coastal economies of Marco Gonzalez and San Pedro, Ambergris Caye, Belize," McGill University, 2000.