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Volume 57 / Social Sciences

SOCIOLOGY: ECUADOR


AMALIA M. ALBERTI, Independent Consultant, c/o United States Agency for International Development, San Salvador


THE SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF THOUGHT-PROVOKING CONTRIBUTIONS in this volume since interest and research on indigenous cultures, ethnicity, and the evolution of societies in Ecuador is rising. Several works focus on the role of education in a multicultural society; Cliche’s work is noteworthy because it compares results from indigenous and non-indigenous children (item bi 96022958). Kanagy’s study on the successful Protestant conversion movement provides insight into an aspect of sociocultural change seldom considered (item bi 96011750). Espinosa’s analysis of indigenous elements in mestizo ethnic identity offers a new perspective on a familiar theme, thus generating unanticipated findings (item bi 96022956).

Inspired by the Fourth World Conference of Women (Beijing 1995), works relating to women and gender issues abounded. In a number of cases, data was gathered from similar sources and lacked an in-depth analysis. The works are generally shallow and consistently ignore the ethnic dimension of gender, but the volume is generally well done and does provide some explanation (item bi 96022948).

In recent years there has been a notable decline in the number of works focusing on changes in the Ecuadorian agricultural sectors. Considering the changes occurring throughout the country, there must be serious adjustments within the agricultural sector as well. However, the available research belies this interpretation. Recent works on rural areas focus on the cultural aspect of social organization, thereby neglecting the economic element.


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