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Volume 62 / Humanities

MUSIC: Southern Cone and Brazil

CRISTINA MAGALDI, Associate Professor of Music, Towson University

THE RECENT PUBLICATIONS about music in the Southern Cone have not only increased in number but also in quality; in fact, the high level of scholarship in books and articles published in the last five years is unprecedented. Because of the steady growth of graduate programs in music at universities in the Southern Cone, especially in Brazil, a large number of these publications are revised versions of dissertations and theses. It is worth noting that many important studies about music have come out of history and literature programs, rather than music programs, and thus focus less on the music itself than on the cultural, social, and political framework surrounding the music's production, dissemination, and consumption. Valuable in their own right, these studies have certainly filled a large gap, bringing crucial empirical data and fresh interpretations to the attention of scholars from all fields. Heading the list are studies about popular music in Brazil, such as those by Bryan McCann (item #bi2005004533#), Christopher Dunn (item #bi2005006004#), Marcos Napolitano (items #bi2005005953# and #bi2005005954#), Astréia Soares (item #bi2004003016#), Orlando de Barros (item #bi2004003219#), Wander Nunes Frota (item #bi2005005571#), and Luiz Fernando Nascimento de Lima (item #bi2005006002#). An excellent online database (http://www.capes.gov.br/capes/portal/conteudo/10/Banco_Teses.htm) with abstracts of recent music dissertations and full text of history dissertations from Brazilian universities is maintained by CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior), a division of the Brazilian Ministry of Education.

Music periodicals from countries in the Southern Cone continue to publish on an irregular basis. This is particularly evident in the case of Brazil, which has issued an unprecedented number of scholarly books about music, but which continues to lack a regular outlet for scholarly articles; an exception is Brasiliana (a publication of the Academia Brasileira de Música), the last issue of which is from January of 2005. The online Revista eletrônica de Musicologia (http://www.rem.ufpr.br), a publication by the music department of the Universidade Federal do Paraná, has been less consistent, with its last online issue dating December 2002. Other important Brazilian periodical publications on music that have come out on an irregular schedule are: Revista da Escola de Música e Artes Cênicas (from the School of Music of the Universidade Federal da Bahia); Revista Opus (a publication by the Associação Nacional de Pos-graduação e Pesquisa em Música, ANPPOM); and Revista de Música (Music Department, Universidade de São Paulo). In Argentina, the periodical Música e Investigación, a publication by the Instituto Nacional de Musicologia Carlos Vega, has articles indexed online from 1997–2003 (http://www.inmuvega.gov.ar/inmuvega/publicac.HTM#revistas). Surely, the most well-established musical periodical in the Southern Cone continues to be the Revista Musical Chilena (Universidad de Chile, Faculdad de Artes), with full text available online through SciELO Chile (http://www.scielo.cl/), and a useful section with reviews of local recordings and publications. In the US, the leading periodical is the Latin American Music Review (University of Texas, Austin). Published regularly in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, it continues to be an important outlet for music scholars from North and South.

Finally, in addition to the publication of books, scholarly editions and recordings of colonial music have been particularly copious in recent years. In Brazil, musicologist Paulo Castagna (Universidade do Estado de São Paulo) has led the project Acervo da Música Brasileira since 2001, which has restored scores from the Museu de Música de Mariana, state of Minas Gerais. Information on the project and the excellent resulting recordings can be accessed in English and Portuguese at the museum's web site http://www.mmmariana.com.br, where the music by Brazilian colonial composers such as Emerico Lobo de Mesquita, José Maurício Nunes da Silva, and João de Deus de Castro Lobo is available for listening online. Another important site for colonial music is the catalog of the music holdings of Vespasiano Gregório dos Santos (http://www.tmb.uemg.br/vespasiano), which makes available online copies of manuscripts by 18th- and 19th-century Brazilian composers. Recordings of colonial music also have been released on a regular basis as the result of the International Festivals of Brazilian Colonial Music, held annually in Juiz de Fora, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Information on the recordings is available at http://www.concerto.com.br/Loja.htm.

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