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THE APPEARANCE OF THE NEW EDITION of Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart (Kassel, Germany: Bärenreiter Verlag. 1994–) in most respects fulfills the high expectations held for it. Entries on Latin American countries and topics are detailed and authoritative (the previous edition virtually ignored Latin America), with leading scholars like Stevenson and Béhague contributing many of the entries. The publisher made the decision to divide the encyclopedia into two parts: subjects (Sachteil) and biographies (Personenteil). The first part is now complete; at this writing, the second is halfway finished. The second edition of The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (2001) has appeared in both print and electronic formats and retains its distinction as the foremost reference source on music in English. Articles on Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela are annotated herein (items #bi2003001436#, #bi2003001437#, #bi2003001438#, and #bi2003001439#, respectively).
Of particular importance to the study of music in Latin America is the second volume of the Garland Encyclopedia of World Music (1999), which is devoted to Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean (item #bi2003005113#). This outstanding volume is an indispensable resource for anyone researching the folk and popular music of those regions. It includes some coverage of the classical heritage as well, insofar as art music has drawn inspiration from the vernacular traditions, especially in the formation of regional styles under the nationalist impulse.
In general, musicological research on Andean countries, especially Ecuador and Bolivia, remains underdeveloped. This is particularly true of the art-music traditions in those countries.