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Volume 58 / Humanities

MUSIC


CRISTINA MAGALDI, Assistant Professor of Music, Towson University


THE RECENT PUBLICATIONS ON MUSIC emanating from the Southern Cone countries are notable in terms of their large quantity and high quality. Especially noteworthy is the proliferation of periodical literature, a consequence of the growing number of graduate programs in music at Latin American universities. While seminal articles continue to spring from the well-established Revista Musical Chilena (Univ. del Chile, Santiago, Chile) and Revista Brasileira de Música (Univ. Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil), important contributions by young scholars have appeared in new music periodicals such as the Revista Música (Univ. de São Paulo, Brazil) (items #bi 98002017# and #bi 98002020#). In addition, nonmusical periodicals continue to include significant studies on music (items #bi 97017010# and #bi 97008863#). Highlighting a growing interest in the music of the Southern Cone countries, an unprecedented number of English-language articles have appeared in North American music periodicals other than the two specialized journals Latin American Music Review and Inter-American Music Review (items #bi 99009736#, #bi 99009754#, #bi 99009751#, and #bi 99009755#). Additionally, edited works on general topics regarding Latin America regularly have included chapters on music (items #bi 99009748# and #bi 99009757#).

Colonial music has received special attention, particularly studies of 17th- and 18th-century musical practices in Jesuit missions. Excellent works in this area include Gerardo Huseby et al. (item #bi 99009748#), Piotr Nawrot (items #bi 97008863# and #bi 97008975#), and Victor Rondón (item #bi 98010673#). A significant contribution to Brazilian colonial music is Régis Duprat's scholarly edition of the music holdings of the Museu da Inconfidência in Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais (item #bi 98010753#). Other welcome additions to the literature are Rogério Budasz's article on José de Anchieta's poetry (item #bi 99009760#), Duprat's study on André da Silva Gomes (item #bi 99009749#), Maurício Dottori's essay on chapel masters in Rio de Janeiro (item #bi 98002017#), and Jaime Diniz's study on chapel masters in Bahia (item #bi 97015220#).

Nineteenth-century music has received less attention. Nonetheless, two outstanding works are Mônica Vermes' study on Alberto Nepomuceno's piano music (item #bi 98002020#) and Esteban Buch's book on patriotic music in Argentina (item #bi 97015189#). Biographical and analytical studies continue to dominate this area, with significant contributions by Iván Barrientos Garrido (item #bi 98001393#), Samuel Claro Valdes (item #bi 97011413#), and José Maria Neves (item #bi 97015233#). Despite the 1996 commemorations of Carlos Gomes' death (1836-96), no significant new research on the Brazilian composer has appeared. However, Marcus Góes' biographical/analytical study (item #bi 97015228#) and the second edition of Gomes' biography by Juvenal Fernandes (item #bi 97015223#) provide valuable data.

Studies on 20th-century art music are scarce. Ilza Nogueira's analysis of Ernst Widmer's work provides fresh insight to the composer's music (item #bi 98010687#). Also, the revised edition of Mariz's history of Brazilian art music includes information on the younger generation of Brazilian composers (item #bi 95020298#).

Studies on popular music form a large segment of the recent publications from Argentina and Brazil. A particularly outstanding publication is Ricardo Risetti's book on bolero in Buenos Aires (item #bi 97015171#). While rock in Argentina has received significant attention in studies by Pablo Vila (item #bi 99009738#) and Eduardo Berti (item #bi 97015173#), Argentine authors continue to emphasize the history of tango. Among the noteworthy works in this area are Simon Collier et al. (item #bi 97015234#) and Hector Luis Goyena (item #bi 99009734#).

The invaluable survey (in English) of Brazilian popular music by Chris McGowan and Ricardo Pessanha (item #bi 98010688#) is now available in a revised and expanded edition (item #bi2001000032#). Stephen Thomas Walden's dissertation "Brasilidade: Brazilian Rock Nacional in the Context of National Cultural Identity" (Univ. of Georgia, Athens, 1996) is a welcome addition to companion works in Portuguese on Brazilian rock by Goli Guerreiro (item #bi 97015195#) and Arthur Dapieve (item #bi 98010669#). Also welcome is Hermano Vianna's major new analysis of the urban samba (item #bi 97015190#).

Traditional music continues to receive a great deal of attention. Significant studies have appeared in Reunión Anual de Etnología, Actas (Bolivia) (item #bi 97017010#). Also worth mentioning is the 1994 issue of Revista Musical Chilena, which pays homage to the composer/singer Margot Loyola by including a reprint of her interviews with Magdalena Vicuña.


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