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Volume 50 / Humanities

HISTORY: MEXICO


Independence, Revolution, and Post-Revolution

DON M. COERVER, Professor of History, Texas Christian University
LINDA B. HALL, Professor of History, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
BARBARA A. TENENBAUM, Editor in Chief, Encyclopedia of Latin-American History

AS OF THIS VOLUME, HLAS 50, the section on the history of modern Mexico will be prepared by Barbara A. Tenenbaum in charge of the "Independence to Revolution" period, and by Don M. Coerver and Linda B. Hall responsible for the "Revolution and Post-Revolution" segment. Because the reassignment of these responsibilities took place well within the reading period for this volume, it is possible that important works on the 1821-1910 period are not annotated below. If so, these titles will be covered in the next volume, HLAS 52.

INDEPENDENCE TO REVOLUTION:
The already vigorous trend of regional history continued unabated in the last biennium. Indeed, studies with a regional focus amounted to almost 30 percent of the contributions canvassed for the 1821-1910 period. Cerutti examined the Northeast in general (items bi 89004276 and bi 89004344) and Monterrey in particular (item bi 89004445), aided by Resendiz (item bi 89004538), while Anderson (item bi 89004266), Beato (item bi 89004271), and Villaseñor y Villaseñor (item bi 89004434) did their part for Jalisco. Puebla too had its share of researchers in de Huerta Jaramillo (item bi 89004599), Tellez Guerrero (item bi 89004425), Vaughan (item bi 89004546), and the Puebla en el siglo XIX volume (item bi 89004419). There were several additions of note on Oaxaca in Chassen (item bi 89004446) and Esparza (item bi 89004354) while Yucatan benefitted from the work of García Quintanilla (item bi 89004474), Joseph (item bi 89006005), and Joseph and Wells (item bi 89004477), and Sonora was depicted in works by Ruiz (item bi 89004422), Velasco (item bi 89004433), and the Historia general (item bi 89004405).

This biennium also saw a new and welcome emphasis on both national and regional finance in Pérez Siller (item bi 89004536), Tellez Guerrero (item bi 89004425), and Tenenbaum (item bi 89004426), and on entrepreneurs and banking in Ludlow and Marichal (item bi 89004415), Proal (item bi 89004418), and Walker (item bi 89004435). There were also works on women by Arrom (item bi 89004268) and López (item bi 89004479), and on workers by Prieto Hernández (item bi 89004537) and Zilli (item bi 89004438). Worthy of special individual note were contributions by Beezley on Porfirian culture (item bi 89004272), Guerra on pre-revolutionary Mexico (item bi 89004600), Noriega with a reassessment of the Constitution of 1842 (item bi 89004417), Pi-Suñer's look at military history (item bi 89004609), Staples on the Church (item bi 89004608), Vaughan on education (item bi 89004546), and Vázquez (item bi 89004552) on the role of Texas in Mexican history.

Collections and series were also enriched over the last two years. The Congressional-sponsored 11-volume edition of plans (vols. 1-6 covering 1821-1910, see item bi 89004604), is certain to be of great utility to political historians; the two volumes of photographs from the Colegio de México (item bi 89004345) are stunning as is vol. 4 in Trabulse, Historia de la ciencia, (item bi 89004429). Historians will also profit greatly from two new volumes on banking (item bi 89004420), and mining (item bi 89004358) statistics.

Finally, the last biennium saw the appearance of a new journal, El Siglo XIX: Revista de Historia, published by the Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Univ. Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, under the direction of Mario Cerutti. This new effort coupled with Mexican Studies/Estudios Mexicanos, edited by Jaime E. Rodríguez O. and published by the Univ. of California, Irvine which began in 1985, has already provided many stimulating and worthwhile articles concerning Mexico from independence to Revolution. [BAT]

REVOLUTION AND POST-REVOLUTION:
Sub-national or regional history also continued as a major research interest of those concerned with the "Revolution and Post-Revolution" period. Works appeared dealing with a dozen different states, with San Luis Potosí, Sonora, and Guerrero receiving the most attention. Particularly noteworthy were the studies of San Luis Potosí and its "agrarian warlord," Saturnino Cedillo, by Dudley Ankerson (item bi 89005836), Romana Falcón (item bi 89005869), and Beatriz Rojas (item bi 89006063). This combination of political biography and regional history provided an excellent portrait of one of the revolution's most durable leaders as well as a case study in the revolutionary cycle of decentralization and centralization. Vols. 4-5 of the Historia general de Sonora (item bi 89004405) covered a broad range of topics (life in the sierra to new technology) and brought the chronological coverage to 1984. José Carlos Ramírez provides a good survey of economic and demographic developments in Sonora during 1930-83 (item bi 89006057). José Manuel López Victoria's three-volume work on the Revolution in Guerrero (item bi 89006009) is a solid narrative history of events in that less-studied state (1901-29). Also notable were Mark Wasserman's examination of survival strategies of the Porfirian elite in revolutionary Chihuahua (item bi 89006264), David LaFrance's case study of the failure of the interim governorship in Puebla (item bi 89006083), and Gilbert Joseph's historiographical work on Yucatán (item bi 89006005).

The interest in labor history also continued. Two more volumes appeared in the series, La clase obrera en la historia de México (item bi 89005848), coordinated by Pablo González Casanova: Samuel León and Ignacio Marván examined developments during the key Cárdenas period while Christlieb and Rodríguez Araujo covered the presidency of Díaz Ordaz. Jorge Basurto also analyzed the symbiotic relationship between labor and government during the Cárdenas administration (item bi 89005844). Of related interest are Barry Carr's study of the worker-peasant alliance in the Laguna (item bi 89005887), the work of Ceballos Ramírez on the Catholic workers' movement (item bi 89005888), and Paco Ignacio Taibo and Rogelio Vizcaíno's revisionist view of labor in the 1920s (item bi 89006072).

The few remaining gaps in the Historia de la Revolución Mexicana series were partially filled-in with the publication of two more volumes. Berta Ulloa provided the last of three volumes dealing with the 1914-1917 period (item bi 89006076) while Blanca Torres Ramírez supplied the last of four volumes dealing with the 1940-52 period (item bi 89006075). As with earlier installments in the series, these are well researched and extensively illustrated.

Biographies and memoirs also figured prominently in the publications of the last biennium. Gabriella De Beer (item bi 89005866) linked the intellectual development of Luis Cabrera with his evolving role in the revolution while Ricardo Corzo Ramírez (item bi 89005863) contributed a comprehensive biography of Cándido Aguilar. Silvestre Terrazas' book on Pancho Villa (item bi 89006074), reprinted from a 1936 series of articles, is an important study by a close associate. The work Tres revolucionarios, tres testimonios (item bi 89006066) blends partisan biography and oral history in examining Francisco Madero, Pancho Villa, and Emiliano Zapata. Josefina González de Arellano offers a generally favorable impression of Bernardo Reyes (item bi 89005840) while the lengthy memoirs of Gonzalo Santos (item bi 89006068) provide a fascinating account of major events and leaders, especially Alvaro Obregón.

Of special note is Alan Knight's two-volume work on the military phase of the Mexican Revolution (item bi 89006007). Both narrative and analytical, the work is detailed both in its research and in its coverage. Although its approach and viewpoint are essentially traditional, it will doubtless serve as a reference point for future studies of the 1910-1920 period. [DMC and LBH]


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