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DAVID BUSHNELL, Professor of History, University of Florida
AS THE SIZE OF THIS SECTION of the Handbook continues to shrink, it becomes increasingly dangerous to extrapolate broad historiographical trends from a limited number of entries. One phenomenon, however, that can hardly be overlooked is the sudden burst of Ecuadorian publications - half of the Gran Colombian subsection, without counting the Luna Tobar study (item bi 88000729) that is assigned to the general category. Julio Estrada Ycaza's two-volume study of Guayaquil's role in the independence movement (item bi 88000735) is likely to be the standard treatment of its topic for many years. On Bolívar, the most noteworthy publications are two by Alberto Filippi that concern European relations and perceptions (items bi 88000727 and bi 88000728) and the indefatigable Germán Arciniegas' interpretation of Bolívar himself (item bi 88000726). Platine historians, for their part, continue to produce a steady flow of competent monographic articles, and that by Roca on the cabildo of Montevideo (item bi 89001986) is really a model of its kind. But it is obvious that the conceptual and methodological innovators are passing the independence period by, in the Río de la Plata as elsewhere.
There are, of course, some valuable independence items that are placed in the History General section of the Handbook because they cut across Latin American regions. Most notable of these are the study by Michael Costeloe of Spanish responses (item bi 88000722), the revised edition of John Lynch's survey (item bi 88000724), John Johnson's new look at US-British rivalry (item bi 89003755), and the collected proceedings of one Bolívar Bicentennial conference, published by the Academia Nacional de la Historia of Venezuela (item bi 88000721).