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LIONEL V. LOROÑA, The New York Public Library
MAKING A REPRESENTATIVE SELECTION of current bibliographies and general works in the field is a welcome, if somewhat frustrating, task. That there is a cornucopia of new works to select from is a given. Bibliographic control over this area is constantly improving. Electronic databases provide a feast of citations for the searcher to choose from. It is more of a question whether these will be available, in part or in toto, or will live up to their descriptive but sometimes deceptive titles. These are a few of the factors involved in the selection process (others are the time frame for making selections and the space in print allotted). All of this serves by way of introduction to note that the key descriptive word here is indeed "representative," and to assure all that every effort has been made to provide a selection which will hold some interest for all students, scholars and researchers in the field of Latin American Studies.
The subsection entitled "General Bibliographies" includes a solid bibliographic overview (950 well-annotated citations) in the work Barbados by Robert B. Potter and Graham M.S. Dunn (item bi 88000084) as well as the five-year cumulation Bibliography of Latin American bibliographies, 1980-1984: social sciences and humanities (item bi 88000082) and the succeeding annual reports now entitled Bibliography of Latin American and Caribbean bibliographies (item bi 88000083), all compiled under the auspices of the Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (SALALM).
In the subsection "National Bibliographies", we have the first of a projected series of retrospective Latin American bibliographies: a most impressive three-volume set entitled Nicaraguan national bibliography, 1800-1978 (item bi 88000086), the result of a major pioneering effort spearheaded by George Elmendorf. Another retrospective work worthy of mention is Bibliografía cubana, 1900-1916 (item bi 89001444), put out by the Biblioteca Nacional José Martí in Havana. The national bibliographies of Ecuador and Venezuela have new formats and titles.
The subsection "Subject Bibliographies" is the most extensive this year, and it bodes well that some works listed are parts of continuing series, others are solid cumulations, and, best of all, a number are richly and critically annotated. It is particularly well worth noting that five of these - from Bolivia, Chile, Mexico, Paraguay and Puerto Rico - are on the subject of women, and range in size from 100 to 700 citations. It should also be noted that the Mexican Bibliografía sobre la mujer (item bi 88000092) is the third such annual publication on this subject, while the Chilean La mujer en Chile: bibliografía anotada, compiled by Ana María Arteaga (item bi 88000088), is made up of 235 well-annotated citations. Truly impressive is the Bibliografía guadalupana, 1531-1984 (item bi 89001454), a scholarly work by Gloria Grajales and Ernest J. Burrus which contains 1,049 annotated citations of Guadalupan materials in both manuscript and printed form. Though unannotated, another extensive work in a similar area is Cecilia Rivera's La religión en el Perú: aproximación bibliográfica, 1900-1983 (item bi 89001458). All aspects of small business are treated in Pequeña empresa y artesanía (item bi 88000180), containing 730 annotated books, documents and articles, compiled by Lucy Alegre J. et al. In a tangentially related area, Oscar E. Corvalán Vásquez, in Youth employment and training in developing countries: an annotated bibliography (item bi 88000094), features 355 substantial abstracts, of which a quarter deal with Latin America and the Caribbean. These are related to a study undertaken by a branch of the International Labour Office. Similarly, the Centro de Investigación y Documentación sobre Formación Profesional, Organización Internacional de Trabajo, offers a two-volume list of books and pamphlets on occupational training in its Catálogo de publicaciones latinoamericanas sobre formación profesional (item bi 89001449). Noteworthy for its scale and coverage is the 7,600-citation work by José Alcina Franch, Bibliografía básica de arqueología americana (item bi 88000087). Evidence of sustained efforts are shown in the cumulation Bibliografía antropológica argentina, 1980-1985, compiled by Catalina Saugy de Kliauga (item bi 89001459), and in the annual Bibliografía argentina de ciencias sociales (item bi 88000089). Lastly, one should call attention to two shorter bibliographies on disparate subjects, whose extensive annotations add considerable depth to each study: Leticia Reina's Bibliografía comentada de movimientos sociales en México durante el siglo XIX (item bi 88000181) and Teoría social del arte: bibliografía comentada, by Rita Eder et al. (item bi 88000112).
The majority of the "Collective and Personal Bibliographies" cited deal with literary figures. Singularly impressive is David S. Zubatsky's Latin American literary authors: an annotated guide to bibliographies (item bi 88000195), which treats Latin American writers in all genres of literature. Alok Bhalla concentrates on 18 significant writers in Latin American writers: a bibliography with critical and biographical introductions (item bi 88000163). However, the bilingual handbook Escritores de la diáspora cubana: manual bibliográfico (item bi 88000191) provides information on some 420 exiled writers and over 1,400 titles. Sara Velasco's Escritores jalisciences (item bi 88000194) covers four centuries of writers from the Mexican state of Jalisco. Of the bibliographies on individuals, certainly worthy of attention are Bibliographic guide to Gabriel García Márquez, 1980-1985 (item bi 88000186), Fuentes documentales para el estudio de Mariano Picón Salas, 1901-1965 (item bi 88000193) and Bibliografía de y sobre Manuel Rojas (item bi 89001514).
In the field of library science and services, several publications center on topics which are high priority items in the 1980s. The Memorias of the Primer seminario sobre conservación y restauración de material bibliográfico (item bi 88000199) deals with methodology and planning for conservation and restoration. Diagnóstico, propuesta y automatización del subsistema de bibliotecas...de la Universidad de Costa Rica (item bi 88000196) treats the issues facing all Latin American libraries in the age of automation.
A profusion of titles in the "Acquisition, Collections, Catalogs" subsection gives evidence of the considerable activity in these fields, particularly the comprehensive cataloging of a number of archives which will undoubtedly open avenues of research. Most of them relate to history, often through personal as well as governmental archives of key military or presidential figures in a number of countries. Mexico is represented by the archives of Porfirio Díaz (item bi 88000216); Venezuela, by the archives of Manuel Felipe de Tovar (item bi 88000202) and Bartolomé Salom (item bi 88000201); and Chile, by the archive of Domingo Santa María González (item bi 88000209). The Inventário analítico dos manuscritos da Coleção Lamego (item bi 88000217) offers over 4,000 manuscript and rare book items covering several centuries of Brazilian history.
As usual, the new crop of reference items runs the gamut in covering a great variety of fields. A clear sign of the times is the Chilean Directorio de bases de datos disponibles en el país (item bi 88000229), providing a directory of databases developed in Chile. We also have new editions of already standard works: the Diccionario Porrúa de historia, biografía y geografía de México (item bi 88000228), now expanded to three volumes, and the Biblioteca Nacional do Brasil's Periódicos brasileiros em microformas, catálogo coletivo, 1984 (item bi 88000224), covering 2,700 titles and representing 10 million microformed pages. Indexes, which always figure as reference sources, are represented by a number of works offering keys to the contents of specific publications: the Costa Rican Repertorio Americano (item bi 88000230) and the Spanish Anuario de Estudios Americanos (item bi 89001576); to anthologies: Hoffman's index to poetry: European and Latin American poetry in anthologies (item bi 88000233); or to government publications: Indices de debates económicos del parlamento ecuatoriano, 1830-1950 (item bi 88000237).
Finally, in the subsection on "General Works", there is a thoughtful work resulting from a seminar on the book industry in Chile, El libro en Chile: presente y futuro (item bi 88000246), and a survey/study, A directory of Latin American studies in the United States (item bi 88000248), providing a considered description and analysis of programs in 111 US institutions of higher education. All in all, then, we have a plentiful assortment of richly varied works which we hope will be of interest or perhaps inspire further thought and research on the part of those working in the field.