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"Oddly enough, I had driven through Rheims the day that General Jodl was signing the surrender documents, and I didn't even know it." (Video Interview, 35:44)

   John Ernest Dolibois
Image of John Ernest Dolibois
Captain John Dolibois, 1946.
War: World War, 1939-1945
Branch: Army
Unit: 16th Armored Division
Service Location: France; Germany; Luxembourg
Rank: Captain
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A naturalized American, John Dolibois' war experiences brought him full circle to his homeland. He emigrated to America from Luxembourg in 1931 as a 13-year-old, quickly learned English, and became an outstanding student in high school in Akron, Ohio, and at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. Because he spoke fluent German, Dolibois was recruited for the Army intelligence unit; at war's end he was driving around Europe, interviewing captured German officers. His postwar assignment brought him to "Ashcan," the code name for a luxury hotel in Mondorf, Luxembourg. There he joined a team of five interrogators who questioned every surviving Third Reich person of note, from Hermann Goering to Julius Streicher, in preparation for the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials.

Interview (Video)
»Interview Highlights  (6 clips)
»Part 1 | Part 2  (122 min.)
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 Video (Interview Excerpts) (6 items)
Busted by Patton during an inspection. (03:05) Saving the Lipizzaner stallions. (06:33) Unaware that the war was over; joining a delayed celebration. (01:19)
Arrival at Ashcan; "the surprise of my life." (01:56) The set-up at Ashcan; the interrogation process. (05:38) Public ignorance of the Ashcan; winnowing down the final list. (03:29)
  
 

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  October 26, 2011
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