The Library of Congress Veterans History Project Home 
Experiencing War: Stories from the Veterans History Project
Home » Oneida Miller Stuart
 

"We were called 'nigger' many a time... But you just kept on going." (24:16)

   Oneida Miller Stuart
Image of Oneida Miller Stuart
Oneida Miller, 1943
War: World War, 1939-1945
Branch: Army Nurse Corps
Unit: Nichols General Hospital
Service Location: Louisville, Kentucky
View Full Description

Soldiers wounded in wartime might be expected to be grateful for aid and comfort from any woman in a nurse's uniform. But as Oneida Miller discovered in 1945 working the wards of Nichols General Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky, some GIs didn't want her ministrations, solely because of the color of her skin. Miller grew up in Indianapolis, and her comparisons between her hometown and the city in which she served for at the end of World War II might surprise some people who assumed Jim Crow flourished only south of the Ohio River.

Interview (Audio)
»Interview Highlights  (8 clips)
»Complete Interview 
Download: audio (47 min.)
 Other Materials
»Newpaper article "First in 63 Years: Make Fine Records; Four Others Enrolled" [March 27. 1943]
More like this
»AAHM: Pioneers
 Audio (Interview Excerpts) (8 items)
Her mentor, Mayme Young, who drew her into nursing. (02:17) Race relations in the nursing school in Indianapolis, where she was one of two black students. (04:33) Basic training at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin, then to Nichols General Hospital, Louisville, for a year; hospital closed after the war was over. (03:10)
Dealing with racist patients and prisoners of war. (03:51) Integrated facilities at the hospital, segregation in town. (00:55) Wanting to join the Army but denied by racial quotas; wanting to stay in the Army but ordered to muster out. (00:60)
Letting incidents of racism slide off her back; being a prankster; dedication to her patients, black and white. (05:43) Comparing racial mores in Louisville and Indianapolis. (00:50) 
  
 

Home » Oneida Miller Stuart
  The Library of Congress  >> American Folklife Center
  October 26, 2011
  Legal | External Link Disclaimer Need Help?   
Contact Us