The Carriage House in Vandalia, Michigan, served as a haven for runaway slaves. Photo: Bill Dozier
Underground Railroad Activity
in Southwestern Michigan
The Underground Railroad was the passage to
freedom for fleeing slaves. Its secret and unmapped routes
wound throughout the Midwest toward Detroit, known as
"Midnight" by those seeking safe haven. Cass County in
southwestern Michigan was the home of white sympathizers with
the Abolitionist movement who helped freed slaves to emigrate
to Canada or to settle in the county. North Berrien was a
"terminal" of the underground railroad, and historic Vandalia
is home to several locations and homes were slaves were
Originally submitted by: Fred Upton, Representative (6th District).
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