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Frederick Douglass Timeline

the many faces of frederick douglass
1818-1835 | 1836-1846 | 1847-1859 | 1860-1876 | 1877-1895
1836 Makes an escape plan but is discovered, jailed, and then released. He returns to work for Hugh and Sophia Auld in Baltimore and is hired out to work as a caulker in a Baltimore shipyard. The knowledge he gains there helps him escape slavery two years later.
Image: caption following A restored photograph of Anna Murray Douglass.
Biographical File.
Prints and Photographs Division,
Library of Congress.
Reproduction Number:
LC-USZ62-83188

1837

Joins the East Baltimore Mental Improvement Society, a debating club of free black men. Through the society, he meets a free African-American housekeeper, Anna Murray.
1838September 3
Borrowing papers from a free black sailor, he escapes from slavery to New York and changes his last name to Johnson.

September 15
Marries Anna Murray. The ceremony is performed by minister James W. C. Pennington, who is also an escaped Maryland slave.

The newlyweds move to New Bedford, Massachusetts, where Frederick works as an unskilled laborer. They stay with caterers Mary and Nathan Johnson. Nathan suggests that Frederick take on the last name Douglas, from a character in Sir Walter Scott's poem The Lady of the Lake. He does so, spelling it Douglass.
Tries to get job as a caulker, but white workers threaten to quit if he is hired.
Image: caption following William Lloyd Garrison.
Biographical File.
Prints and Photographs Division,
Library of Congress.
Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-10320
William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist weekly,
The Liberator
Image: caption above
1839June 24
Daughter Rosetta is born.

Douglass subscribes to William Lloyd Garrison's abolitionist weekly The Liberator. Hears Garrison speaking in April.

Becomes a licensed preacher for the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church.

1840

October 9
Son Lewis Henry is born.

1841

Speaks at an antislavery meeting in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Abolitionist William C. Coffin talks him into speaking about his life as a slave at a Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society convention. William Lloyd Garrison follows his remarks with a speech of his own, encouraging Douglass. The Society is impressed and he is hired as a speaker. Douglass becomes closely allied with Garrison and his abolitionist views.

1842

March 3
Son Frederick is born.

Meets black abolitionist Charles Lenox Remond.

Image: caption following Susan B. Anthony.
Biographical File.
Prints and Photographs Division,
Library of Congress.
Reproduction Number:
LC-USZ62-46713

1843

At an antislavery meeting in Pendleton, Indiana, he is beaten by a mob. His right hand is broken in the scuffle and he never fully recovers the use of his hand.

1844

October 21
Son Charles Remond is born.

1845

Publishes Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. In it, he reveals details that could lead to his arrest as a fugitive slave.

He meets Susan B. Anthony while on a speaking tour. Later he becomes a champion of women's rights.

Begins tour of Great Britain and Ireland, lecturing on slavery with abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison. English friends raise money to "purchase" his freedom; Douglass is manumitted after Hugh Auld receives $711.66 in payment.

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