|1880||The National Bell Telephone Company becomes the American Bell Telephone Company.||
[Marian Hubbard "Daisy" Bell, three-quarter length portrait, at eight years of age, standing, facing left, with dog]. Reproduction Number LC-G9-Z3-155,755-AB-2. Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress.
|February 15||Marian (Daisy) Bell, a daughter, is born.|
|Bell and his young associate, Charles Sumner Tainter, invent the photophone, an apparatus that transmits sound through light.|
|Fall||The French government awards the Volta Prize for scientific achievement in electricity to Bell. He uses the prize money to set up the Volta Laboratory as a permanent, self-supporting experimental laboratory devoted to invention.|
|1881||At the Volta Laboratory, Bell, his cousin, Chichester Bell, and Charles Sumner Tainter invent a wax cylinder for Thomas Edison's phonograph.|
|July-August||When President Garfield is shot, Bell attempts unsuccessfully to locate the bullet inside his body by using an electromagnetic device called an induction balance.|
|August 15||Death in infancy of Bell's son, Edward (b. 1881).|
|1882||November||Bell is granted American citizenship.|
|1883||At Scott Circle in Washington, D.C., Bell starts a day school for deaf children.
Bell is elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
With Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Bell funds the publication of Science, a journal that would communicate new research to the American scientific community.
[Hellen Keller, Annie Sullivan and Alexander Graham Bell, full-length portrait, seated outdoors]. Reproduction Number LC-G9-Z1 137 816-A. Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection, Prints and Photographs, Library of Congress.
|November 17||Death in infancy of Bell's son, Robert (b. 1883).|
|1885||March 3||The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is formed to manage the expanding long-distance business of the American Bell Telephone Company.|
|1886||Bell establishes the Volta Bureau as a center for studies on the deaf.|
|Summer||Bell begins buying land on Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia. There he eventually builds his summer home, Beinn Bhreagh.|
|1887||February||Bell meets six-year-old blind and deaf Helen Keller in Washington, D.C. He helps her family find a private teacher by recommending that her father seek help from Michael Anagnos, director of the Perkins Institution for the Blind.|