Full Caption: “Modèles de Madame Carlier.” Millinery Trade Review, February 1897 (TT650.H3), plate 4. General Collections. Full Caption: “Modèles de Madame Carlier.” Millinery Trade Review, February 1897 (TT650.H3), plate 4. General Collections.

Colorful feathers, flowers, and fruit adorn the stylish hats designed in Madame Carlier's Paris establishment and worn by actresses at the Gymnase Theater. The pages of the Millinery Trade Review instructed American milliners on ways to create such Parisian concoctions in their own shops. This and similar trade journals provide glimpses of women's lives through employment advertisements (looking for “a lady of experience as buyer and manager of a millinery business”), obituaries, and discussions of legislation, including “anti-theater hat” bills, which sparked debate from Pittsburgh to Kansas City on whether to limit the size of hats worn by women theatergoers.

see caption below