Full Caption: “Jeu des Habitans. de Californie.” From Choris, Voyage pittoresque autour du monde, avec des portraits de sauvages d'Amérique.. . (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1822; G420.K84 C5). Rare Book and Special Collections Division. Full Caption: “Jeu des Habitans. de Californie.” From Choris, Voyage pittoresque autour du monde, avec des portraits de sauvages d'Amérique.. . (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1822; G420.K84 C5). Rare Book and Special Collections Division.

Ludwig Andrevitch Choris, serving as an artist on the Russian Pacific Ocean expedition under Otto von Kotzebue from 1815 to 1818, sketched a group of “Mission Indians” who lived and worked the land at the mission of San Francisco. The women are shown observing a game that may have been played traditionally by California Indian males. Gambling was prohibited by the Franciscans, but some scholars suggest that Indians continued to play these games as a form of resistance to Hispanic authority.

see caption below