Full Caption: Bella Abzug. Signed photograph, ca. 1979. ERAmerica Records (container 177). Manuscript Division. LC-MS-60475-2. Full Caption: Bella Abzug. Signed photograph, ca. 1979. ERAmerica Records (container 177). Manuscript Division. LC-MS-60475-2.

Bella Abzug (D-N.Y.), one of the strongest voices for the ERA in the U.S. House of Representatives, cofounded the National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) with Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinem, and Shirley Chisholm in 1971 in the expectation that it would reach a broader range of women than did the National Organization for Women. During a confrontation over the amendment, Judiciary Committee Chairman Emanuel Celler (D-N.Y.) is reported to have argued that women should know their place, noting that no women were present at the Last Supper. Abzug, a committee member, allegedly responded, “Manny, women may not have been at the Last Supper, but we sure as hell will be at the next one.”(Abzug obituary, Congressional Quarterly, April 4, 1998, p. 903).

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