Full Caption: Hedwig Reicher as “Columbia” in the suffrage pageant. Photograph, March 3, 1913. George Grantham Bain Collection (LOT 11052-2). Prints and Photographs Division. LC-USZ62-70382. Full Caption: Hedwig Reicher as “Columbia” in the suffrage pageant. Photograph, March 3, 1913. George Grantham Bain Collection (LOT 11052-2). Prints and Photographs Division. LC-USZ62-70382.

According to the Washington Post, twenty thousand people fought madly for position near the Treasury Building to watch the allegorical pageant on the ideals toward which women and men have struggled through the ages. Florence Noyes, an interpretive dancer who participated in the Greek revival movement, arranged the dances for the allegory and played the role of Liberty. It is unlikely that the performers recognized the irony in women dressing themselves as abstract concepts and imitating the generic use of the female figure so often portrayed by male artists.

see caption below